Summary: Using CBD for
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that
interact with the endocannabinoid system — which is used to regulate a large
number of processes in the human body. Many of these processes are believed to
be involved with the symptoms of fibromyalgia.
There are three classes of these cannabinoids: Phytocannabinoids — found in plants Endocannabinoids — found in humans Synthetic cannabinoids — man-made, not found in nature
The two most-studied of these compounds are
tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabidiol
(CBD). Both of these substances interact with the body’s own
endocannabinoid system (ECS) but have very different effects. The ECS
regulates the central nervous system (CNS). Since the
message of pain is transmitted from one neuron to the next, scientists are
interested in the role the ECS has on strengthening or weakening this message
(synaptic plasticity)  . THC is
primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, giving us the feeling of being “high”. The euphoric effects of THC can
also be addictive to some people and cause other side-effects such as anxiety,
paranoia, dizziness, loss of coordination, or increased heart rate . CBD, on
the other hand, doesn’t have the euphoric side effects — and a lot of evidence shows that it‘s an effective anti-seizure
treatment . This is in line with the idea that the ECS regulates how neurons
interact in the CNS.
In simpler terms, CBD has shown that it can
influence conditions originating from the nervous system.
are ample reports and observations of the following properties of CBD: Analgesic Anti-anxiety Antipsychotic Anti-inflammatory Benefits of CBD for Fibromyalgia 1. CBD Fights Pain
There’s a wealth of anecdotal reports on the
effectiveness of CBD at reducing chronic pain, such as the kind experienced in
fibromyalgia. In a study on joint pain, preclinical studies show that there is
an interaction between CBD and the ECS, which may explain CBD’s analgesic
Another study showed that CBD interacts with
astrocyte activity. This is yet another piece of information that can explain
why taking CBD is able to affect a myriad of neurological symptoms. Astrocytes
are a type of cell in the brain that regulates synaptic activity and
2. CBD May Improve Sleep
CBD has shown positive effects on regulating
the quality and quantity of sleep thanks to its calming and anti-anxiety
3. CBD Fights Anxiety &
Various preclinical trials and small
double-blind studies have shown that CBD works well to treat anxiety and
depression along with other neurological issues.
One of the primary ways CBD works to relieve
symptoms of depression is by eliminating underlying inflammation in the brain —
which is closely linked with depression .
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a
chronic illness that causes widespread pain throughout the body — often
accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia, depression, and problems
with memory and concentration.
Fibromyalgia isn’t life-threatening — but it has a tremendous physical and social impact on those affected.
There is increasing
evidence that stress and depression play a significant role in the development
Scientists have found that the body’s two stress systems —
the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous
system — are altered in people with fibromyalgia.
Basically, the HPA
axis is the major part of the system that controls your physiological reaction
to stress. If this system is dysfunctional, it becomes significantly
more difficult to manage stressful situations. One of the most
common side-effects is chronic, widespread pain — a symptom widely exhibited in
fibromyalgia. Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
Each person will have his or her own set of
symptoms, which can be mild, moderate or severe. Symptoms can even disappear
from time to time, lasting weeks, months, or years before coming back.
The Most Common Symptoms of
Fibromyalgia Include: Widespread pain Sensitivity to cold and heat, light, smell Extreme fatigue Irregular sleeping patterns Cognitive difficulties often referred to as “fibro fog” People With Fibromyalgia Will Often Have Other
Conditions, Such As: Causes of Fibromyalgia
We still don’t know what causes fibromyalgia,
but it appears to be factors like genetics, past illnesses, injuries, or past
emotional and physical stress.
Fibromyalgia is More Common in
People With: Family history of fibromyalgia Physical or emotional injury or
trauma Illness such as a virus or
infection Lupus, ankylosing spondylitis
(spinal arthritis) or rheumatoid arthritis Anxiety, depression and emotional
stress Factors That May Make
Fibromyalgia Pain Worse Sleep deprivation Smoking Being overweight Heightened stress How is Fibromyalgia Diagnosed?
guidelines have changed in the methods used to diagnose fibromyalgia. In the
past, doctors would diagnose fibromyalgia by identifying specific tender points
in at least 11 of 18 specified sites. Patients also must have been experiencing
widespread pain for at least the past 3 months.
Now, more recent guidelines have been developed as a
simple, practical criterion for diagnosis involving the following: Widespread pain lasting more than three
months. Symptom severity score involving fatigue, waking unrefreshed, and poor
cognitive function. No underlying disorders that could explain symptoms.
There are no specific lab tests that can
confirm a diagnosis, though doctors may recommend blood tests, x-rays, and
specialized scans, such as nuclear medicine and CT scans.
Helpful Tests for Fibromyalgia: Full blood count — including testing for adrenal and thyroid function. Hypothyroidism can cause symptoms that mimic those of fibromyalgia Vitamin D testing — a deficiency in vitamin D can cause similar symptoms to fibromyalgia
Doctors will try to rule out everything that
can be tested for, ensuring the exclusion of autoimmune conditions that can
mimic the symptoms of fibromyalgia. If nothing else is identified and the
patient checks the criteria for fibromyalgia, a diagnosis is made.
Conventional Treatments for
Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia can be difficult to treat. This is primarily because the condition presents slightly different for everybody.
Since there is no direct cause for
fibromyalgia, treatment of symptoms require trial and error, repeated doctor
visits, and a combination of both lifestyle changes and medication.
An individual treatment plan may include some or all of the following: Physical therapy Counseling Exercise program Antidepressant medications Meditation and yoga Acupuncture Reflexology Massage therapy Common Therapies for
Fibromyalgia: Physical therapy — physical therapists can guide you with exercises that will improve muscular strength, flexibility, and stamina to reduce pain. Hydrotherapy (water-based exercise) can be beneficial. Psychotherapy — counseling may help to relieve symptoms of stress and provide skills in stress resilience. Occupational therapy — occupational therapists can make the necessary adjustments in your workplace to make tasks easier to perform. Common Medications for
Fibromyalgia: Pain Medications — used alone or in combination , paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often used to treat pain. Benzodiazepines such as Valium are commonly used to relax muscles and treat anxiety and tension. Narcotic analgesics or opioids — these medications are used when all other medications have failed to help treat the symptoms of fibromyalgia. They can potentially form a dependency and are usually only prescribed for a short period. Oxycodone (OxyContin) is a common opioid analgesic. Antidepressants — Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as Cymbalta, Savella, Prozac or Paxil may help with pain and sleep disturbances; the same goes for tricyclic antidepressants such as Pamelor and Elavil. However, adverse events, tolerance development, and weight gain are common side effects of some antidepressants. Antiepileptic drugs — these are used for their sleep-promoting and anxiolytic actions. Lyrica and Neurontin can be prescribed for their ability to slow down nerve signals from the muscles to the brain to reduce pain and muscle spasms. Side effects of dependency and weight gain are frequent deterrents for its use. Lifestyle and Self-care Tips for
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that is
affected by many factors, including diet and lifestyle choices. Therefore,
treatment needs to involve daily habits and routines.
Here are the most important lifestyle and
self-care tips to incorporate into a treatment plan for fibromyalgia.
1. Relaxation Strategies
Meditation and mindfulness therapies can help
to relieve stress and reduce symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Deep, rhythmic breathing — meditation and relaxation exercises are profoundly helpful for stress-related conditions like fibromyalgia. There are a plethora of useful applications that can be downloaded to your device for free to help you get started. Alternatively, you can attend meditation or yoga classes. Counseling — talking through your stresses and concerns with a professional counselor is particularly beneficial if you have a history of physical or emotional trauma. Biofeedback — a machine that can help read the body’s signals to reduce pain. Behavioral cognitive therapy — visit a behavioral cognitive therapist who can help you to manage emotional stress. 2. Sleep Hygiene
Sleep is essential for optimal health. When we’re sleep-deprived, it becomes more difficult to manage stress, leading to increased symptoms in fibromyalgia sufferers.
Adults should get at least 7-8 hours of sleep
Sleep Hygiene Tips: Set a routine — ensure you’re following regular bedtime and wake-up times, including weekends! Meditation — meditation in the evenings primes the nervous system for sleep by relaxing the body and turning down the stress response. Warm baths with Epsom Salts — magnesium salts relax the muscles and ease the tension that may be keeping us up at night. Minimize noise — wearing earplugs can help us get to sleep faster for people sensitive to sounds. Avoid napping during the day — if you need to nap, try to keep it to less than 30 minutes, and no later than 3 pm. Avoid stimulants — like caffeine, alcohol, and cigarettes (especially after 1 pm) 3. Regular Exercise
Exercise may be the last activity on your mind
when you’re experiencing pain and fatigue. However, appropriate gentle
exercises including walking, swimming, cycling, Pilates, yoga and Tai Chi can
help to ease pain and improve mood.
to take small steps and don’t overdo it. 4. Eat a Balanced Diet
Eating a well-balanced diet and avoiding
processed foods high in saturated fats and sugar can reduce inflammation and
ease symptoms of fibromyalgia.
People with fibromyalgia often see their
symptoms worsen when consuming foods with additives such as MSG and nitrates,
and artificial sweeteners.
Diet Tips: Eat to increase energy — excessive fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia. Eating certain whole and fresh foods high in fiber and low in sugar can provide you with more energy. Increase your intake of foods such as nuts, seeds, and dark leafy greens. Follow a low FODMAP diet — a recent study found that following a low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet is a nutritionally balanced approach that leads to both weight loss and reduced severity of fibromyalgia symptoms . FODMAP diets are not meant to be used for the long term but can be useful during flare-ups. Go vegetarian or vegan — a recent 2018 study found that following a lacto-vegetarian diet for just 4 weeks resulted in reduced pain and improved body composition. The study also involved physiotherapy; therefore the combination of treatments may have improved the outcome . Increase your magnesium — there may be a link between magnesium deficiency and fibromyalgia symptoms. Increase your consumption of magnesium-rich foods such as green leafy vegetables, nuts and seeds, legumes, and seafood. Avoiding gluten — studies have shown that removing foods that contain gluten can reduce pain and inflammation, even if you don’t have Celiac disease . Guide to Using CBD for Fibromyalgia
CBD is a promising alternative for people
suffering from fibromyalgia. The primary benefits come from CBDs’ ability to
affect the endocannabinoid system — which in turn affects neuronal and
microglial activity.. In basic terms, CBD is able to influence the behavior of
cells that transmit pain and cells that cause inflammation in the central
nervous system. When the stress response is managed effectively, symptoms of
fibromyalgia can be ameliorated.
also useful as an anti-inflammatory, and analgesic for the condition, which are
two of the most prominent side-effects of the condition. How Much CBD Should I Take?
The dose of CBD for fibromyalgia can vary a
lot from one person to the next. Everybody responds differently, so it’s
important to start low and go slow with your CBD dosing. If you are new to
taking CBD, it’s advised to start on the smallest dose according to the
instructions of the product you are using. Gradually increase by 5-10 mg until
you feel you have reached your optimal dose.
By starting at a lower dose and gradually
increasing over time you can find the right dose without going overboard and
causing negative side-effects like sedation or dry mouth.
people with fibromyalgia require a higher dose of CBD to receive maximum benefits.
Keep a journal of your dosages, timings, and
symptoms to find or adjust the amount that is optimal for you.
Fibromyalgia patients will often take CBD oil
as drops below the tongue, and/or apply a topical CBD cream or gel onto the
Is CBD safe?
CBD is safe, well-tolerated and rarely produces side effects even with high doses. When side-effects are experienced, they tend to be mild, including things like dizziness, dry mouth, or sedation.
There’s evidence that tolerance to the compound
doesn’t develop, unlike other treatment options like opioid medications (such
as Oxycontin) 
It’s important to note that research is based
on using pure, high-quality CBD oils that don’t contain synthetic additives or
Fibromyalgia can be a debilitating condition
to live with, heavily impacting an individual’s mental health and motivation.
While there is no cure for fibromyalgia, there
are steps you can take to reduce and better manage the symptoms.
More clinical trials are needed — however,
research shows that CBD can be a safe and effective treatment in relieving many
of the symptoms associated with the condition, significantly improving quality
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