Evidence based

CBD and Fatty Liver Disease: Current Research & Understanding

Studies have shown that people who regularly use cannabis have fewer incidences of fatty liver disease. How does this work? Can CBD oil support people with fatty liver disease?

Article By
Justin Cooke , posted 2 months ago

Fatty liver disease is a serious medical condition.

It’s also very common.

Some studies have shown it to be present in about 16% of the population [1].

It’s a problem that tends to get worse until, eventually, it results in liver failure.

There are currently no known cures for the disease, however, recent evidence has suggested that CBD can be extremely beneficial for the condition.

Here, we investigate these claims, how they may work, and how CBD oil can be used to support fatty liver disease.

  • Table of Contents

What is Fatty Liver Disease?

Fatty liver disease is exactly what it sounds like: fat deposits in the liver.

When this happens, the fat deposits will start to interfere with the liver’s ability to function. If left unchecked, it will eventually lead to much more serious health problems.

There are two types of fatty liver disease:

1. Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused by metabolic dysfunctions in the body.

Our liver plays a major role in the regulation of both sugar and fat metabolism.

The liver teams up with the pancreas and adrenal glands to control our blood sugar levels and fat burning or storage.

When we eat too much sugar or refined carbohydrates like chips, white bread, or candy, and don’t exercise enough, our body stops listening to one of the hormones secreted by the pancreas — insulin.

This is the starting point for fatty liver disease.

As soon as insulin stops working, the body no longer uses sugar the way it’s supposed to, causing it to build up to dangerous levels in the blood.

The liver needs to work much harder to stop the build-up of sugar from causing damage to the body. It does this by converting the sugar into stored fat.

When this happens, fat droplets accumulate inside the liver cells themselves.

Over time, these fat droplets will grow and take up more and more space inside the liver.

This causes damage to the liver cells, making them less effective at doing the job they’re meant to do. As the liver cells die, they trigger inflammation in the area, causing the liver to swell and become even less effective.

With long-term inflammation, the liver will begin to fill up with scar tissue, known as fibrosis.

These scars cause permanent changes to the liver, making it ineffective, and eventually leading to more serious symptoms.

NAFLD is driven by poor diet and lack of exercise.

2. Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD)

Alcoholic fatty liver is caused by long-term alcoholism.

The body can generally tolerate small amounts of alcohol relatively well, however, large amounts are problematic to the body.

There are 3 different ways the liver can metabolize alcohol, the main one being a pathway called alcohol dehydrogenase. There are many steps to this process, but the most important thing to know is that it requires a lot of energy to function.

This energy comes in the form of something called NAD+.

NAD+ can be thought of as a cellular currency for energy.

In order for the liver to get access to enough NAD+ to fuel alcohol metabolism, it needs to build a lot of fat. This is because NAD+ is a byproduct of building fat.

This leads to a buildup of fatty acids in the liver.

Over long periods of time, this fat can build up to the point where it starts to get in the way, no matter where the liver tries to put it. There is simply too much.

By the time fatty liver disease symptoms show up in an alcoholic, there’s already a great deal of damage done, and it’s very difficult to repair, even with CBD oil.

CBD oil is best used for people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, so this is going to be the main focus of this article.

Diet and Lifestyle Modifications

As you can see, both alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused primarily by lifestyle and diet factors.

Diets with too much sugar or refined carbohydrates, poor exercise, and excessive alcohol intake are all key drivers in the condition.

Therefore, anything you take to help the condition is going to come secondary to changing the causes. This means visiting a holistic nutritionist, or dietitian, and working on changing your habits around food and alcohol.

CBD oil can go a long way if used in combination with these changes but will do very little on its own.

Using CBD Oil for Fatty Liver Disease

In recent years, there’s been a lot of reports that marijuana users suffered less frequently from obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome [35], all of which are key drivers of fatty liver disease.

This is even more interesting when these researchers began looking at the diets of cannabis users and non-users.

On average, cannabis users ate more junk foods, soda, and alcohol than non-users [6], yet still had lower incidences of metabolic disease.

So this had researchers wondering;

“Could marijuana and CBD oil be used to prevent or treat fatty liver disease?”

A large research study analyzed the effects of CBD on 22,366 patients, many of which had active fatty liver disease or earlier stages of metabolic syndrome. Researchers in this study confirmed that the chances of developing fatty liver disease were much lower in those who were active cannabis users, though they were unable to suggest a mechanism for these effects [7].

Other studies have since been published that shed some light on how this works.

In order to get into the details of how this works, let’s discuss the role of the endocannabinoid system in the liver, and how this plays an important role in fatty liver disease.

The Endocannabinoid System and Fatty Liver Disease

The endocannabinoid system is found in all mammals.

It’s a system of receptors (CB1 and CB2 receptors) and endogenous cannabinoids that are responsible for regulating many of our homeostatic control mechanisms.

In simple English, this means that the endocannabinoid system controls the balance of various systems in the body.

When our organs become damaged, inflamed, or dysfunctional, we find a noticeable increase in the endocannabinoid activity in the area, as it tries to bring us back to normal levels.

In a healthy liver, the endocannabinoid system only has a modest presence. In fact, it doesn’t appear to do much at all in this particular organ.

However, when the liver becomes damaged and inflamed, the endocannabinoid system wakes up and starts to be very active in the area.

Too active, perhaps…

Let me explain.

When fatty liver starts and the liver function begins to suffer, the endocannabinoid system steps up to try and make things normal again, unfortunately, it only appears to make things worse, and CB1 and CB2 endocannabinoid receptors play a role in the development of fatty liver disease [8].

Supporting Liver Function With CBD

This is going to get real confusing, so let me get this out of the way.

CBD is a CB1 and CB2 receptor agonist-antagonist.

What does this mean, you ask?

In this case, it means that CBD stops the compounds that are making the endocannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) in the liver go haywire.

It stops the endocannabinoid system from going crazy, establishing balance to the endocannabinoid system itself.

It’s the equalizer for the system that balances us.

This effectively protects the body from things like fatty liver disease and makes it easier for us to resist and recover from this condition more effectively.

It’s important to note that this action alone isn’t going to prevent fatty liver disease, but will make it more difficult for the condition to occur, giving us more time to change our lifestyle habits and diet before any permanent consequences set in.

How Can I Use CBD Oil to Prevent or Reduce Fatty Liver Disease?

Similarly to treating other conditions such as Anxiety, Anorexia, Alzheimer’s disease, and Stroke, it’s important to choose a CBD oil made from a full-spectrum hemp plant (not marijuana— I’ll explain why in a minute).

This is because the other compounds in the plant, including the terpenes, flavonoids, and many of the other cannabinoids, will help us absorb and use CBD effectively.

This is a concept called the entourage effect, which suggests that the entire plant is stronger than any single chemical.

All compounds in the plant work together to produce these effects.

One thing to remember is that we should avoid THC for fatty liver disease.

This is because THC is a CB1 receptor agonist, which opposes the benefits of CBD directly.

Although many of the studies we talked about earlier showed that those who were regular users of marijuana (including THC containing varieties) had a lower incidence of fatty liver, it’s CBD that has the most benefit on this condition.

Especially in people with active fatty liver disease, you’ll want to make sure you do as much as you possibly can to avoid further aggravating this by ensuring you’re getting mostly CBD instead of THC in your cannabis products.

We recommend looking at our article on the best CBD oils to find the best CBD oil for you.

These products deliver high-quality full-spectrum CBD in an easy to consume and safe manner.

Dosing CBD Oil for Fatty Liver Disease

Dosing CBD for fatty liver disease is very similar to dosing it for other conditions.

Because the cannabinoids affect everybody so differently, it’s recommended that you always start with a lower dose (around 1 mg per day) and increase gradually from there.

Some people will stay at this 1 mg dose, while others may need substantially more, perhaps around the 30 mg mark,

The best way to find out the dose for you is to take 1 mg, then increase by 4 mg each day.

If side effects are noted (such as drowsiness, nausea, or poor appetite) simply reduce the dose to the last one that produced no side effects and stay there.

Fatty liver disease is a long-term, chronic condition, and will, therefore, need to be taken over a long period of time.

We recommend taking a high-quality CBD oil for 6 or 12 months, with regular follow-ups with your doctor to see any progression. 

Final Remarks

The best way to prevent or treat fatty liver disease is through diet modification.

CBD and other cannabinoids are going to go a long way in slowing the progression of the disease, and may even help to reverse it, but they aren’t going to work very well if the causes are still going on.

The primary cause of fatty liver disease is poor diet and lifestyle habits.

Heavy drinking, high junk food diets, and lack of exercise are the main causes of the condition. If they aren’t removed, the problem will persist and eventually get worse.

Combining CBD oil with diet changes – like eliminating processed and refined carbohydrates -, quitting alcohol or cigarette consumption, and spending at least 30 minutes per day on a mild-moderate level of exercise are going to go a long way in addressing the actual cause for the condition.


References

  1. Alswat, K. A. (2013). The role of endocannabinoids system in fatty liver disease and therapeutic potentials. Saudi journal of gastroenterology: official journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association, 19(4), 144.
  2. 013). The role of endocannabinoids system in fatty liver disease and therapeutic potentials. Saudi journal of gastroenterology: official journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association, 19(4), 144.
  3. Le Strat, Y., & Le Foll, B. (2011). Obesity and cannabis use: results from 2 representative national surveys. American journal of epidemiology, 174(8), 929-933.
  4. Rajavashisth, T. B., Shaheen, M., Norris, K. C., Pan, D., Sinha, S. K., Ortega, J., & Friedman, T. C. (2012). Decreased prevalence of diabetes in marijuana users: cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III. BMJ open, 2(1), e000494.
  5. Vidot, D. C., Prado, G., Hlaing, W. M., Florez, H. J., Arheart, K. L., & Messiah, S. E. (2016). Metabolic syndrome among marijuana users in the United States: an analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. The American journal of medicine, 129(2), 173-179.
  6. Smit, E., & Crespo, C. J. (2001). Dietary intake and nutritional status of US adult marijuana users: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Public health nutrition, 4(3), 781-786.
  7. Kim, D., Kim, W., Kwak, M. S., Chung, G. E., Yim, J. Y., & Ahmed, A. (2017). Inverse association of marijuana use with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease among adults in the United States. PloS one, 12(10), e0186702.
  8. Purohit, V., Rapaka, R., & Shurtleff, D. (2010). Role of cannabinoids in the development of fatty liver (steatosis). The AAPS journal, 12(2), 233-237.

Conditions that May Respond to Cannabidiol